Hip replacement refers to the switching of the damaged the hip joint with a new prosthetic joint that is made up of metal or fibre. There are several reasons for the hip joint to get damaged. With the increase in age, the hip bone starts to degrade and often leads to a complete bone replacement. There are also external as well as biological factors that affect the health of an individual and result in the damage to knees.
There are other factors like osteoarthritis of the hip and injury by accident can also lead to a replacement. Here we are going to offer more information about hip replacement surgery and also how hip replacement surgery in India is better than many other western countries.
With the advancement in technology, these days’ hip replacement surgery can be carried out in any age group of adults. Moreover, it is more common with the people aged around 60-80. And, the most common cause for the same is due to any accident or fall. Patients opt for hip replacement surgery when the chronic pain in the hip’s starts affecting their daily chores and restricts their movement.
Patients with acute pain are not able to sit, stand up, walk and climb stairs and often need to seek medical attention in pain goes unbearable, and neglecting it would deteriorate the condition. The medical term for hip replacement is hip arthroplasty. These days it’s a common orthopaedic practice which is conducted on the numerous patients worldwide.
According to a survey steered by CDC’s National Centre for Health Statistics, there is an increase in this trend from 2000 to 2010. People in India suffering from acute pain in their hip joints have adapted to Hip Joint surgery to get rid of the pain that they have been suffering. Even the cost for Hip Replacement Surgery in India is much less as compared to that in western countries.
This is the major motivation for India to emerge as a centre for orthopaedic treatments. People are coming to India for hip replacement surgery end up spending around 60% less than they have even thought for. Hip replacement surgery in India costs around $6,000 whereas, in the US, it’s around $39,000.
Nevertheless, there are even other factors like choice of the treatment centre and extent of stay, that add up to the total cost incurred. There are several concerns that a patient possibly will have while opting for total hip replacement. Here are some common notions and reflections to make while making conclusions for enduring hip replacement surgery.
Some common causes of Hip Pain
This is an elderly problem, and it is quite obvious, as human health starts to decline. Several other reasons may be a reason for Hip Pain. While opting for medication, doctors often start with the determination of the exact place or point from where the pain is evolving. Problems in the surrounding muscles and tendons can often contribute to Hip Pain.
The roots of hip pain are distributed into some types:
- Displacement or Fracture of Hip Bone.
- An Inguinal Hernia.
- Hip Labral Tear.
- Bone Cancer.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis.
- Septic Arthritis.
- Psoriatic Arthritis.
Complications in Hip Replacement Surgery
With the advancements in the area of technology, the risk factor has been greatly reduced. Heretofore, patients always complained about experiencing numerous complications after going for a hip bone replacement surgery. Below mentioned are some of the common complications that arise after Hip replacement surgery:
- Blood Clotting.
- Dislocation of Hip.
- Redness and Swelling.
Various Types of Hip Replacement Surgery
Hip replacement surgeries are categorized into various types depending upon the material used, the magnitude of joint replacement and the technique of fixation. These surgeries can also be carried out in a minimalistic approach using traditional techniques. If you go with the current approach of treating a patient, the entire area is cut to uncover the damaged part and then it is replaced with an artificial part.
However, the same can be done by making a small cut and using some special tools and devices; the damaged part can be checked. The surgery can also be distinguished depending upon the implant used. Implants can be plastic, metal, ceramic and at times combination of more than one type of material
Procedure to Undergo Treatment
- First, the patient is directed general anaesthesia to situate them in an unconscious state. This process puts them into a deep sleep, and their body muscles are relaxed completely. So that they don’t experience any pain during the further steps to be followed.
- Secondly, a cut is made on the sides of the hip to be replaced, and the muscles connected to the bone are moved. This process exposes the joint, allowing the surgeon to remove the hip ball.
- Thirdly, the artificial joint is placed in the place of the hip ball and is attached to the thigh bone. The bone is primed for its further attachment to the new artificial socket by removing the damaged tissues.
- Fourthly, after the ball is properly attached to the thigh bone and is connected to the hip socket, the cut is closed.
Expecting a healthy recovery
After the surgery is complete, the patient needs to stay in the hospital for a few days, as the recovery time varies from patients to patients. For some cases, it may take four to five days to recover, and for some, it may take four to six months. The patient needs to follow all the guidelines properly to recover soon.
Hip pain can lead to acute health problems, so it’s better to deal with it as soon as you experience any pain. Consulting doctor at an early stage can do wonders; even patients can recover without any surgery. These days one can expect hip replacement surgery in India to be better as compared to abroad regarding cost-effectiveness and quality surgeons to deal with any extreme cases.